State of the art and perspectives

Considering the awareness of global warming and the importance of environmental protection, today’s market trends are such that hydrogen is a constituent part of almost all energy strategies and directives. Scientific researches on hydrogen fuel cells in conjunction with renewable energy sources (RES), demonstration projects, and their application are present in all EU framework programs as one of the seven key technologies of the 21st In the developed world technology is developing exponentially and it is in political focus because it is a condition of survival and retention of the existing global positions of the state economy.

Thus, the EU has issued a directive to ensure the flow of hydrogen vehicles in a way that hydrogen refuelling stations need to be installed every 300 km by 2025.

Large oil companies and the automotive industry are backing up this kind of development because it is already quite clear about the end of the oil era (not so much because of the lack of reserves as it is because of harmfull effects on environment).

Billions of dollars have already been spent on research and development of hydrogen fuel cells that have been funded by EU, US, Canada, and Japan governments, including private sector as well. It is very important that these new age technologies be accepted and incorporated into the energy strategy of the Republic of Croatia on time.

If we take into account the millions of motorized tourists who will come to us more and more by using electric vehicles, it is quite clear that it is necessary to speed up the installation of refuelling stations both for hydrogen fuel cells powered electric vehicles and battery powered electric vehicles.