Today, hydrogen is mainly produced by reforming of hydrocarbons with water vapor, and via water electrolysis. Although hydrogen production via reforming is the three times cheaper than water electrolysis, the main disadvantage of such a process is the harmful carbon dioxide (CO2) emision.
Hydrogen can be distributed through pipelines already existing in hundreds of miles across the Europe and the United States (US). Furthermore, it can be compressed into above ground and underground pressurized storage tanks. It can also be liquefied and stored in cryogenic storage tanks.
Hydrogen can be used as a fuel in internal combustion engines and gas turbines, or can be mixed with natural gas and burn on the steam generator burners. It is also possible to utilize it in the chemical industry and households. But the most attractive technique is hydrogen utilization in fuel cells.
Considering the awareness of global warming and the importance of environmental protection, today’s market trends are such that hydrogen is a constituent part of almost all energy strategies and directives. Scientific researches on hydrogen fuel cells in conjunction with renewable energy sources (RES), demonstration projects, and their application are present in all EU framework programs as one of the seven key technologies of the 21st century. In the developed world technology is developing exponentially and it is in political focus because it is a condition of survival and retention of the existing global positions of the state economy.
As the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture educates future engineers, the Laboratory of Power Engineering emphasizes the independent laboratory work. The students of the process-energy course already in the fifth semester of undergraduate studies have the opportunity to independently develop their ideas through existing and/or newly designed real experimental systems.
The emphasis is on the promotion of realized scientific projects, projects in progress, planned projects, and their interdependence of the used solar hydrogen technologies, their development in the immediate future, all for the purpose of their introduction into wide application.
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics)
In purpose of enhancing competitiveness in the field of scientific and technological development, through our scientific and research projects as well as students activities all four areas of STEM are involved.